Friday, November 25, 2011
Wednesday, November 23, 2011
Respect from your dog is easy to describe. Your position in the pack, as perceived by those that are naturally keen to pack structure (namely the dog) is the absolute indicator of the level of respect extended to you.
I am not diving to depth in my thoughts on pack structure with these comments, but I feel it is important to know that your position in the pack is not secure without constant maintenance. Additionally, an Alpha position you may hold in the living room does not establish an Alpha position in the bedroom, or kitchen, or the park. Pack dominance if you care to have it, requires respect in all territories.
So if you are Alpha everywhere, you have respect everywhere.
The only gradient of respect I can perceive is fully proportional to the degree that you are challenged for Alpha.
Trust, is independent of respect and facilitated by manners. You expect the best of manners from your dog, in return your good manners will only set an example as well as nurture trust between you and your dog. If you are not clear how to extend the best of manners to you dog, spend sometime with a well-established dog pack.
The Alpha does not barge and bully his way around as a matter of recreation. In calm, normal conditions, all pack members move amongst themselves politely. An insane, completely random pack leader will quickly become untrustable and a strong urge to escape the insanity or remove it will most certainly manifest.
Trust is the first and most important condition to established with your pack.
There are volumes of good information about pack structure, trust and respect, so good theory should not be hard to find. You can e-mail me if you need any assistance in locating good advice. My e-mail address is: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Posted by Vicki Harsha at 11:17 AM
Tuesday, November 22, 2011
This is an excellent example of an obedience trial from the 2010 USA Working Dog Championships.
The GSD (Hesy Naspo) and the young lady handler (Samantha Jimenez) are 7 years old in this video.
Make no mistake that Hesy owns an outstanding Czech utility dog pedigree:
Here is their protection trial:
Her tracking trial is not available.
Monday, November 21, 2011
Here is a short report of the litter’s recent activity.
We have three different vacuums staged throughout the house all the time. The pups are becoming more familiar with them. The overall progress is very good.
After more than a week of gradual conditioning to increasingly loud music, the entire litter received a pass two nights ago when they all reacted perfectly during Led Zeppelin’s Black Dog at ridiculous levels.
Rostig and Stahl performed outstandingly last night when I tested their tracking in the snow, during a windstorm in a completely unknown yard.
I invited them into the back yard at dusk. I quickly walked off to a dark bushy corner and hid. Together they followed the perimeter of the yard in a deliberate and ordered fashion when eventually their noses worked up to me. I could not believe their resolve against the 30 mph winds that created chaos all around them. The way they worked the fence-line seemed as if Kohl’s Czech boarder patrol ancestors were manifesting themselves. I am so proud of these dogs.
The pups prefer to relief themselves outside, but when duty calls and the doors are closed, paper training has really paid off.
The pups continue to meet new people and receive regular visits from the girls next door. The girls are quickly becoming the pups favorite friends.
We have received a great response from several excellent potential owners throughout the state. It is refreshing to know that Alaska has a strong community of savvy German shepherd enthusiasts.
Posted by Vicki Harsha at 4:49 PM
Saturday, November 19, 2011
Wednesday, November 16, 2011
Without elaborating on the several differing views from knowledgeable professionals about proper feeding quality and quantity, the following views do appeal to me: Most veterinarians would certainly argue that a high quality commercial dog food supplied once or twice a day will sufficiently support your adult dog’s nutritional needs; and some very reputable breeders abide by a 100% raw meat diet. Both schools have valid arguments to support their positions.
You may have noticed that normal sized dogs have teeth remarkably similar to a wolf’s. Physical evolution has not changed so great in the era of the domesticated dog that they have lost their meat eating teeth. I feel it would be safe to assume that the remainder of the dog’s digestive system has evolved at a similar pace. With those observations and assumptions, an easy presumption is that a diet similar to a wolf’s would promote your dog’s best health.
You may also have noticed that a dog eats a bowl of kibble much more slowly than a similar sized piece of meat. Typically a normal sized dog consumes a rather large chunk of meat in seconds. Again the assumption is that the gut was “designed” to work large pieces of protein and fat.
Cooked meat naturally seems a wiser choice to ensure elimination of bacteria and other toxins. Cooked bone however becomes brittle and easily shards into dangerous blades that can damage a dog’s digestive tract.
Kibble eliminates concerns for punctured organs and food poisoning is nearly a non-issue.
You may have noticed that dogs appear to survive well on a pure kibble diet. Based upon their labeling, nearly all commercial dog food seem to have a smartly designed balance of nutrients.
Kibble also helps support good dental hygiene.
With these major points in mind, I feed the adult dogs a predominately kibble diet with some fresh raw meat every other day or so.
I try to use whole pieces of venison, although I do use fresh store bought beef (including burger) and sometime chicken as well. Proportionally, the raw meat is a very small part of the overall diet.
I use two or three different types of kibble at each feeding. I feel a wider variety of nutrients will serve my dogs better. Plus, here on our island in Alaska, merchants sell out of stock from time to time. Weeks may pass before a particular brand of food becomes available again; so unplanned changes in diet are only in part. Additionally, I typically offer kibble with a meat product as the first ingredient.
I feed the adults once a day in the evening (except for Kora during her pregnancy and nursing). I am also very careful to not over-feed them. A dog that is not fixed, gets regular exercise, and is fed properly should look rather thin in the mid-section. Over feeding a dog so he will get big does not serve in his favor.
As a growing puppy, Kohl’s weight trailed behind the German shepherd growth chart that is easily found on the internet. For nearly a full year, his weight stayed at 77 lbs., but with his heavy East German bloodlines, he has continued to increase in weight. The heaviest he weighed was 92 lbs. just around the time Kora went into heat with no change to his diet or routine. He has dropped back down and maintains around 85 lbs., an excellent weight for a male GSD.
At feeding time, the adult dogs are fed together. We have never had aggression from any dog at feeding time because they must be calm and attentive to me before allowed to approach their bowls.
I offer fresh water at all times. Using water as a reward is useless in Ketchikan, Alaska (rain averages around 13 feet annually). Water is plentiful with every visit outdoors. Additionally, our German shepherds have a high demand for water.
The puppies should be down to two feedings a day shortly. I use a puppy kibble and one can of puppy food at each feeding, slowly phasing out the canned food. I have also offered very small portions of venison a couple of times in the last two weeks.
Using the feeding guidelines on the kibble packaging is a great starting point, then with small changes in quantity, dialing in an appropriate serving size is more controlled.
Puppy kibble may be offered up to a year of age, but I suggest a switch to adult food at around 6 months.
Posted by Vicki Harsha at 9:29 AM
Friday, November 11, 2011
Wednesday, November 9, 2011
The greatest event for the pups since the last update has been a trip away from home to visit the veterinarian’s office. The nine received exams, DHPP vaccines and a second round of dewormer. All checked out very well and were a huge hit amongst the staff and visitors. I was impressed again by the professionalism of Dr. Mangis and the team at the Ketchikan Veterinary Clinic.
At 45 days old, the puppies have increased in weight from 9.5 to 11 times their whelped weight.
Paper training in the kennel where they bed at night is 100% effective. Everywhere else, paper training is improving, but not perfect. I am truly impressed with their strong doggy nature at so young an age.
They are very smart. Behavior I have instilled in the adult dogs is reflected in the puppies without consciously meaning to; while I prepare the dishes for the puppies, they calmly wait siting near with full attention on me. A part of the adult dogs’ feeding ritual is that they all sit calmly with their attention on me before I permit them to approach their dish. I have not purposely implemented feeding the puppies in this manner.
Rudimentary prey drive is very strong in all of them. Scent tracking for kibble is a lot of fun because they can’t quite see the small bits being thrown. They do respond promptly when they hear it hit skip across the floor. Watching them work intently with noses to the ground for such a small snack is remarkable.
In the morning, they are released from the kennel and fed in the adjacent laundry room. When the food is gone, they are invited into the front yard. It is always dark and the weather is usually no great surprise for Southeast Alaska in the fall.
When the novelty of the great outdoors wears off, inside they go for a nap in the laundry room. They sleep very soundly when the clothes dryer or washer is running.
The remainder of the day they make multiple visits outside and a couple visits up the stairs to the main floor.
Nearly every front yard adventure prompts a visit from new people that walk by. Kora always makes a little time to play with the pups, but her size, speed and agility visibly humbles them. The few times Kohl has ventured with them, his interest in play is predominately with Kora, not the pups.
Kora’s maternal aggression is waning towards new people and practically non-existent towards our dogs.
Of course we always supervise the other dogs when they are with the puppies. For the most part the puppies find better things than the older dogs to molest, but from time to time they seem to gang up on one of the dogs and it becomes real uncomfortable quick. The alpha male German shepherd and the crotchety old mix-lab rescue have no problem breaking away from the pack to the sanctuary of the bedroom, escaping the mayhem of the inquisitive youngsters.
Kora still nurses freely at times but the end is certainly near. The puppies demand for milk seems more of a habit than anything else.
Slowly, but surely, the puppies’ indoor experiences accumulate. Amongst the group of experiences confronted and accepted are a loud TV, a cat, the running vacuum in a distant room, and a 6 month-old baby. A major milestone to achieve will be close proximity to the vacuum with the same disinterest.
Crate training has started for them, very gradually and in twos for now. Every trip to the store or other errand is accompanied by a pair of the pups.
Temperament testing is continuous. The puppies have subtle changes in results from day to day so repeated testing is crucial. I am impressed by the puppies, and believe their new owners will concur.
This week the puppies will be introduced to the leash and get to explore parts of the neighborhood.
Friday, November 4, 2011
In the simplest of terms, temperament could be defined as behavior towards the environment. In the broadest of terms, temperament is the collection of behavioral traits that make your dog who he is.
Like opinions regarding desirable German shepherd physical characteristics, opinions about temperament are equally varied. Most dog experts agree that some scale of temperament can be applied by testing dogs against a cache of stimuli. One end of the scale characterizes dogs in whole or part as shy, timid, fearful and aggressive. At the opposite end of the scale are dogs that just don’t care, are distant or even depressed.
Dogs' usefulness to early human civilizations must have evolved when the two developed a working relationship that included a high degree of trust. Early man certainly would have made no effort to domesticate dogs if aggression could not have been tempered.
A human-canine work relationship, regardless of the duty, is far more efficient if the dog trusts the handler. When not at work, a friendly and relaxed dog allows for faster development of trust, which directly translates to predictability from the dog in the work environment. A dog who is hair-trigger dangerous unless all measures of restraint are applied is a complete nuisance.
Temperament testing methods vary. Typically with working dogs, the results are used to vet prospects for appropriate service. An indifferent puppy could prove to be the perfect dog for an individual craving a training challenge. With good effort, this same dog may prove to be a whole new animal, driven by work or sport that may have sparked his interest.
A consistently shy or nervous puppy most likely will not make the best candidate for K9 duties. These dog temperaments typically bring about nervous aggression. They may also be described as sharp, hard or both. I believe a dog can be friendly and good-natured with definite sharpness and/or hardness in a working environment.
The same sharpness and courage that manifests correctly as aggression for protection, carries over to other work (e.g., herding, tracking, retrieving) as drive and persistence.
Our dog Kohl is good-natured and friendly. He is typically relaxed save for a few excitement triggers he has. He is sharp in response to certain other dogs, black bear and cats that resemble black bear.
On-leash when confronted by a bold dog he responds aggressively and is hard against correction. When playing ball he is sharp to the degree that his full attention is on either the ball or the ball thrower. If other dogs are in the game, his sharpness is directed to any dog that thinks about working his ball except for the Lab I mentioned in my comments on dog work.
He never barks at strangers he sees from the window as they walk by. The doorstep is a different story though; all within earshot are alerted that there is someone at the door. If the visitor is known, redirecting his friendly excitement takes some effort and patience.
Very few strange people hold Kohl’s attention while walking on-leash. He ignores most people, but from time to time he deems certain people suspicious and lasers his attention on them until all is clear.
Kohl certainly has high-energy. Although temperament is a function of the chronic energy level of the dog, a dog described as having “high-energy” does not necessarily define the behaviors for which the energy is being applied.
Concerted testing and observations provide a fairly accurate baseline from which to judge a puppy’s temperament. Just prior to 5-weeks of age, our puppies all show some drive for dominance over their littermates, humans, and other dogs. There is a decisive change that occurs just after the needle teeth arrive where exploratory biting replaces sucking and licking. In short order, sharp counter bites from littermates check even the most dominant. Through these encounters, temperament is being formed.
The pups learn to avoid certain siblings, how to react when accosted, and test how to approach unknown dogs. Most of the experiences are different and individual dogs develop unique responses to similar stimuli.
Fortunately we have had well timed decent weather recently. This allowed us to acclimate the litter to the big outside world with few surprises. As the weather worsens, the puppies’ tolerance for gusty winds and light rain improves quickly.
We have gradually introduced new objects, sounds and environments to the puppies. Our location in downtown Ketchikan (a pseudo-urban environment) allows for a plethora of stimuli to the pups from the apparent comfort of the yard. Every hot rod and Harley-Davidson motorcycle that passes through the tunnel below our home must do so at full throttle; certainly an ear opener for a puppy. Added to the arbitrary list of sounds the litter has adjusted to are float planes wailing to get airborne, sirens from the downtown fire department’s engines, and repeated hammer blows from pile driving and other machinery at the main dock.
Proper acclimation to various environmental stimuli and effective dog handling will aid in the support of a workable temperament. For each alarming but benign stimulus that results in no ill effect to the puppy, added courage emboldens them. Our intended results are happy, balanced, and well-adjusted dogs.
Next: Puppy update